欧冠投注

设施草莓安全生产风险防控技术要点
发布日期: 2019-12-25 09:04:35浏览次数: 来源:欧冠投注_欧冠投注网站【安全购彩】 字体: [ ]

欧冠投注MUQIANZHONGGUODECAOMEIZHONGZHIMIANJIJICHANLIANGWEIJUSHIJIEDIYI,QUANGUODABUFENSHENGQUJUNYOUZHONGZHI。NONGYENONGCUNBUNONGCHANPINZHILIANGANQUANFENGXIANPINGGUSHIYANSHI(HEFEI),GENJUSHENGCHANJIDIDIAOYANQINGKUANG,CONGANQUANSHENGCHANSHIJICHUFA,TICHULECAOMEIANQUANSHENGCHANFENGXIANFANGKONGJISHUYAODIAN。

1.产地环境

欧冠投注HUANJINGSHOUXIANFUHENY/T5104《WUGONGHAISHIPIN CAOMEICHANDIHUANJINGTIAOJIAN》DEGUIDING,YINGYUANLICHENGQU、GONGYEWURANYUAN、GONGKUANGQUDENGWURANYUAN,CAOMEIZHONGZHISHIYIGELITIAOJIANHAOQIESHENGTAILIANGHAODENONGTIANSHENGCHANQUYU。YIXUANYONGRANGZHITURANG,SHENHOUTUCENG,JIEGOUSHUSONG,TURANGpHZHIZAI7.5YIXIA,GOUQUPEITAO、PAIGUANFANGBIANDEGAOZAOTIANKUAI。

2.整地施肥

CAOMEIZAIPEIYAOHELIDIAOKONGFEISHUI、ZUOHAOKAIGOUPAISHUIGONGZUO。FEILIAOYIXUANYONGCAOMEISHANGYIJINGDENGJIHUOMIANYUDENGJIDEFEILIAO,XIANZHISHIYONGHANLVFUHEFEI,JIFEIPINZHONGXUANZEYOUZHIYOUJIFEI、CHANGYONGHUAFEI、WEISHENGWUFEILIAO、YEMIANFEI、FUHEFEIDENG,BINGSHENFANRUTU。

3.品种选择

欧冠投注SHESHIZAIPEIYOUYUTOURUDA,YIXUANYONGZAOSHU、KANGBING、GAOCHAN,YOUZHIDECAOMEIPINZHONG,MUQIANANHUISHENGCAOMEIZHONGZHIZHUZAIPINZHONGWEIHONGYAN、ZHANGJI、FENGXIANGDENG,QITAPINZHONGHAIYOUFALANDI、TIANCHALI、HONGMEIGUIHENINGYUDENG。

4.育苗

4.1母株选择

4.1.1ZHONGMIAO: TONGGUOZUZHIPEIYANGFANGSHIXUANYUTUODUWUBINGZHONGMIAO,YEKEYICAIYONGZILIUZHONGMIAO,DANXUXUANYONGTICHUNFUZHUANGDEWUBINGZHUANGMIAO。

4.1.2PEIYUZHUANGMIAO: BAOCHIDAPENGNEIDEQINGJIE,JISHIQINGLIBINGYE、LAOYE、WUXIAOYEBINGSHUHUA、SHUGUO。DAPENG-DIMOZAIPEIMOSHIKEYICAIYONGWUBINGJIZHITURANG,BIYUJIANGSHI,TONGFENGHUANQIJIWEIGUANDIGUANDENGCUOSHILAIPEIYUZHUANGMIAO。

4.2定植

4.2.1DINGZHISHIJIANHEFANGFA

DINGZHISHIQIBIKAIBULIYUCAOMEIHUANMIAOSHENGZHANGDEGAOWENGAOSHIJIJIE,YIBAN3~4YUEXUANZEQINGTIANHUOSHI8YUEDI~9YUECHUXUANZEQIWEN25℃ZUOYOUYINYUTIANJIANGMUZHUDINGZHIDAOYUMIAODI。DINGZHISHIMIAOGONGBEIXIANGWAI,JIANGSHIHUAXUZAIQILIANGCECHOUSHENGBIANYUSHUHUAHEGUOSHICAIZHAI,ZHUJUYUE25cm,YIBANZAIZHI5000~6000ZHU/MU。WEISHIGENXISHUZHAN,ZAIZHONGSHENDUYAOSHIMIAODEJIBUYUTUMIANQIPING。

4.2.2TURANGXIAODU

CAIYONGGAOWENBAOSHAIDEFANGSHIDUITURANGJINXINGXIAODU,TURANGSHIRUYOUJIFEI、SHIHUIDANDENGJINXINGSHENFAN,DASHUIMANGUAN,TURANGBIAOMIANFUGAIDIMOHUODAPENGMO,TONGSHIMIFENGPENGSHI,WEIQI40TIAN。CIFABUJINKEYIDUICAOMEIZHONGZHITURANGSHAJUNMIECHONG,HAIKEJINYIBUFUSHUYOUJIFEI,GAISHANTURANGJIZHI,TIGAOFEILIAOLIYONGLV。

欧冠投注4.2.3MIAOCHUANGZHUNBEI、ZHENGDISHIFEI

ZAIQIANSHIYONGJIFEN、ZHUFEN、QUANFENDENGYOUJIFEI2000~3000kg/MU,SHENFAN30cm,ZHENGPING,PAXI、QILONG,ZHENGCHENGSHANGKUAN1m~1.5m,LONGGAO30cm,LONGJU25cm。

5.大棚管理

5.1地膜覆盖

DANGCAOMEIDINGBUHUAYAXIANLEISHIJIANGHEISEHUOYINHEISEDIMOFUSHANG,QIHOU,LIJIPOMOTIMIAO。

5.2水肥管理

CAOMEIDUISHUIFENYAOQIUJIAOGAO,XUDUOCIGUANSHUI,JISHIPAISHUI,YAOQIUTIANBUFABAI,YUHOUTIANJIANGOUQUNEIWUMINGSHUI,FUGAIDIMOHOUYI“SHIERBULAO,GANERBUHAN”WEIYUANZEZUIHAO,YOUTIAOJIANKECAIYONGSHENGUANHUOMOXIAGUANGAIJISHU。

欧冠投注CAOMEISHIFEIYINGBAWOSHIZUDIFEI,BOSHI、DUOCIZHUIFEIYUANZE,JIFEISHIYONGFUSHUYOUJIFEI1000~2000kg/MUBINGJIAN、P、KSANYUANFUHEFEI50~60kg/MU;FAMIAOQIYAOZHUISHIFUHEFEIHUONIAOSU5~10kg/MU,DIYIPIGUOSHIPENGDAQIYEMIANPENSHI0.2%~0.4%DEKH2PO4,PUFUJINGFASHENGQI,KEYISHIYONGYIDINGLIANGDESHENGZHANGDIAOJIEJIRU0.5%HEGANSUANSHUIJIHUOZHE0.136%CHIMEISU·YINYI·YUNTAIKESHIXINGFENJIDENG,YICUJINPUFUJINGZAOCHOUSHENG、DUOCHOUSHENG。

5.3温湿度管理

DAPENGSHESHIZAIPEIKOUPENGSHIJIANSHIYIZAIYEJIANQIWENJIANGZHI8~10℃,KOUPENGHOUJIKEFUSHANGDIMO。YIBANTONGGUOTONGFENGHEFUGAICAOLIANHUOZHEYANGWANGLAIDIAOJIEDAPENGWENDU,CAIQUGAOQIFUMO、GOUQUPAISHUI、JISHIGUANGAIDENGCUOSHIQUEBAOTURANGSHIRUN,YICIBAOCHICAOMEIYINGYANGYUSHENGZHISHENGZHANGDEPINGHENG。CIWAI,CAOMEIZHENGGESHENGZHANGQIDAPENGNEIDOUYAOJINKENENGBAOCHIJIAODIDESHIDU,YOUQISHIKAIHUAQI,BAITIANDEXIANGDUISHIDUYINGBAOCHIZAI55%ZUOYOU。

5.4植株管理

欧冠投注DAPENGZAIPEICAOMEISHENGZHANGQI,YINGJISHIQINGLIZHIZHULAOYE、KUYE、BINGYE,SHUCHUHUAXU、LIEZHI、BINGGUO,BINGQINGCHUTIANBIANFULANZHIYE,DAIDAOPENGWAIWUHAIHUACHULI,JIANSHAOBINGCHONGLAIYUAN;ZHENGGESHENGZHANGQIYAOJISHIRENGONGCHUCAO,JISHIBUZHUODIXIAHAICHONGHUOZHEJIEHESHIYAOZHILI,YICITIGAOYOUZHIGUOCHANCHU。

6.病虫害防治

6.1主要病虫害

欧冠投注CAOMEIBINGHAIYIBAIFENBING、GENFUBING、HUIMEIBING、BINGDUBING、YAKUBING、TANJUBINGDENGWEIZHU;CHONGHAIYIMANLEI、YACHONG、BAIFENSHIWEIZHU。DIAOCHAFAXIAN,ZAIZHONGZHIGUANLIGUOCHENGZHONG,DUOFEIMIZHI、SHIDUGUODA、YUSHUIGUODUOHEGUANLICUFANGDENGTIAOJIANXIAYIFASHENGBINGHAI,YINGJIANCHIYIFANGWEIZHU,ZONGHEFANGZHIDEYUANZEJINXINGSHESHICAOMEIBINGCHONGHAIDEGUANLI。

6.2农业防治

6.2.1PINZHONGXUANZE

XUANYONGKANGBINGCHONGXINGQIANGDEPINZHONG。

6.2.2MIAOMUXUANZE

SHIYONGTUODUWUBINGZHONGMIAO,PEIYUZHUANGMIAO。

6.2.3SHESHIDIGUANLI

JISHIQINGCHUBINGZHU、LAOYE、BINGGUO,YUANLIYUANQUSHAOHUI、SHENMAIDENGZUOWUHAIHUACHULI,MEICIQINGLIHOUJISHIPENYAOBAOHU,HELILUNZUO。

6.3物理防治

6.3.1PENGNEIGAOWENXIAODUJIMENPENGFANGBING

欧冠投注SHOUHUOHOUSHENFAN,JIEHETAIYANGNENGGAOWENXIAODUCHULI,SHASIYIBUFENTUCHUANBINGJUN;KAIHUAHEJIEGUOQI,KEYIJIADATONGFENG,JIANGDIPENGNEISHIDUZHI50%YIXIA,TONGSHITIGAOPENGSHIWENDUZHI35℃,MENPENG2h,ZAIFANGFENGJIANGWEN,LIANXUZHONGFU2~3CI,KEYOUXIAOFANGZHIHUIMEIBING。

欧冠投注6.3.2HUANGBANYOUSHABAIFENSHIHEYACHONG

XUANYONGSHANGPINHUAHUOZIZHIHUANGBAN,MEIMUKEGUA30KUAI~40KUAI,JUNYUNFENBU,HUANGBANZHANMANHAICHONGHOUXUJISHIGENGHUAN。

6.3.3QUBIZUGEFANGCHONG

KECAIYONGFUGAIHEISEHUOYINHUISEDIMOHUOZAIPENGSHIFANGFENGKOUCHUGUAYINHUISEDIMODEFANGSHI,LAIQUBIHAICHONG。YIKEZAIPENGSHIFANGFENGKOUHEMENKOUCHUSHEFANGCHONGWANG,LAIYUFANGWEN、YING、CHONGFEIRUCHANLUAN,SHIZUIYOUXIAOJIANDANDEFANGZHIFANGFA,KEXIANGYINGJIANQINGNONGYAODUI  GUOSHIDEWURAN,BAOZHANGCAOMEIDEZHILIANGANQUAN。

6.4生物防治

KOUPENGHOUMEI5d、MEIZHUSHIFANG3TOULIYAXIAOFENGCHENGCHONG,GONGSHIFANGSANCI,KEFANGZHIBAIFENSHI;ZAIKAIHUAJIEGUOQIANZHAOYIHAIBI1∶10~1∶30SHIFANGBUSHIMAN,FANGZHIHONGZHIZHUDENGHAICHONG;TONGSHIZAICAOMEITIANJIANGUASHEXINGYOUJIYOUBUXIEWENYEEDENGHAICHONG,QIZUIJIASHIYONGGAODUZAI1.2mZUOYOU,MEI2~3dQINGLIYICIYOUBUDEEZI,YIBANMEIGONGQINGFANGZHI15~30GEXINGYOUJI。

6.5化学防治

HUAXUEFANGZHIXUZUNSHOUNONGYAOANQUANSHIYONGBIAOZHUNHENONGYAOHELISHIYONGZHUNZE,TUIJIANSHIYONGGAOXIAO、DIDUHEDICANLIUDENONGYAO,BAOHUDIYOUXIANSHIYONGYANXUNFA、FENCHENFAJINXINGFANGZHI,ZAIGANZAOQINGLANGTIANQIYIPENWUFANGZHI。CHANGJIANBINGCHONGHAIJIANYICAIYONGRUXIAFANGFA。

HUIMEIBINGXUANYONG: 16%DUOKANGMEISUKERONGLIJI、50%DINGXIANJUNANSHUIFENSANLIJIDENGYAOJIPENWUFANGZHI。FANGZHIHUIMEIBINGPENYAOSHIZHONGDIANDUIYEBEIMIANPENWU,YEKEZAIDAPENGNEISHIYONGYANWUJIHUOFENJIANJI、YANXUNGUOYE。

BAIFENBINGXUANYONG25%SIFUMIZUOSHUIRUJI、30%MIJUNZHIKESHIXINGFENJI、30%BENMIJIAHUANZUO·MIJUNZHIXUANFUJI1000-1500BEIYEDENGYAOJIZAIZAOCHUNKAIHUAQIANJISHIPENWUFANGZHI。

YACHONGDAPENGZAIPEIZAIYACHONGFABINGSHISHENGQIPEN2%KUCANJIANSHUIJI、1.5%KUCANJIANKERONGYEJIHUO10%BICHONGLINKESHIXINGFENJI,JIDADAOLIANGHAODEFANGZHIXIAOGUOYIKEBIMIANGUOSHISHOUNONGYAOWURAN。

欧冠投注ZAIFAXIANHONGZHIZHUSHIYINGJISHIZHAICHUYOUCHONGYE,ZAICAOMEIKAIHUAQIANHONGZHIZHUFASHENGLIANGDADAO2~3TOUSHI,KEXUANYONG0.5%YIWEIJUNSUPIANRUYOU、43%LIANBENJINGZHIXUANFUJIDENGPENWUFANGZHI。

农业农村部农产品质量安全风险评估实验室(合肥)

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