欧冠投注

2019年蔬菜、果树、茶园抗旱减灾生产技术指导意见
发布日期: 2019-11-05 08:11:47浏览次数: 来源:欧冠投注_欧冠投注网站【安全购彩】 字体: [ ]

蔬菜

JINNIANRUQIUYILAI,WOGUOZHANGJIANGZHONGXIAYOUJIJIANGHUAIQUYUZAOYUGANHANTIANQI,JIANGSHUIJIAOCHANGNIANTONGQISHAO40%-80%。YOUYUJIANGYUSHAO,GAOWENTIANQICHIXUSHIJIANZHANG。GANHANJIAGAOWENDUIZAITIANSHUCAISHENGZHANGYIJISHUCAIYUMIAODAILAIJIAODAYINGXIANG。DANGQIAN,YAOZHUAJINZUOHAOSHENGCHANKANGHANGONGZUO,CAIYONGGEZHONGJISHUCUOSHI,JINZUIDAKENENGJIANSHAOGANHAN、GAOWENJISHUCAISHENGCHANHEXIAYIJISHUCAIYUMIAOZAOCHENGDESUNSHI。

1.HELIJIAOSHUI。GANHANSHUIYUANBUZU,KEXIAOSHUIQINJIAO、JIEYUEYONGSHUI,ZENGJIAJIAOSHUICISHU,JIANSHAOMEICIJIAOSHUILIANG;SHESHIZAIPEIBIMIANYICIXINGBUSHUITAIDUO,ZAOCHENGPENGSHINEISHIDUGUODA,YINFABINGHAIFASHENG;JIANYIDIMOFUGAI,CAIQUMOXIADIGUANDEFANGSHIJIAOSHUI,JIANGDITURANGSHUIFENZHENGFAHESHESHINEIKONGQISHIDU。

欧冠投注2.ZHEGUANGJIANGWEN。SHESHIZAIPEIYUSHANGWUWENDUSHENGGAOQIANTIQIANFUGAIZHEYANGWANG,ZAOGAIWANJIE,DIAOJIEPENGSHIWENDU。YIBANDAPENGDENGSHESHINEISHANGWU10DIANQIANKAISHILAKAIZHEYANGWANG,XIAWU3DIANSHOUQIZHEYANGWANG,ZHEBISHIJIANGUOZHANGHUIYINGXIANGDAOGANWUZHIDEJILEI,ZAOCHENGRUOMIAOHUORUOZHUXIANXIANG。LUDISHUCAI,YOUTIAOJIANDEZUIHAOYEZAIZHONGWUQIANHOULASHANGZHEYANGWANGZHEYIN。

3.FUGAIBAOSHANG。YONGJIEGAN、ZACAODENGFUGAIXINGJIAN、ZHUJIANTURANG,JIANSHAOTAIYANGZHISHE,JIANGDITURANGWENDU,LIYUZUOWUGENXISHENGZHANG,YELIYUJIANSHAOSHUIFENZHENGFA。

4.ZHONGGENGSONGTU。LUDITURANGJIAOSHUISHAOJIANGANHOU,YINGJISHIZHONGGENGLONGGOU、LONGBEI,QIEDUANTURANGBIAOCENGMAOXIGUAN,ZUZHITURANGXIACENGSHUIFENXIANGBIAOCENGTUZHONGYIDONG,JISHIZHONGGENGSONGTU,HAIKEZENGQIANGTURANGTONGTOUXING。

5.KEXUESHIFEI。GAOWENGANHANJIJIE,ZAIQIANGGUANGDEZHAOSHEXIA,DIBIAOWENDUJIAOGAO,ZHENGFAQIANGLIE,TURANGSHUIRONGYENONGDUZENGGAO,ANZHAOZHENGCHANGSHIFEILIANGSHIYONG,BULIYUFEILIAODEXISHOU,YINGSHAOSHIDUOCI,BOFEIQINSHI。KEXUANZEBANGWANWENDUDISHISHIFEI,WANJIANQIWENZHUJIANJIANGDI,DIBIAOSHUIZHENGFAJIANRUO,SHUIFENBAOCHISHIJIANZHANG,LIYUZUOWUXISHOU,XIAOGUOZUIJIA。

欧冠投注6.BINGCHONGFANGZHI。GAOWENGANHANRONGYIFASHENGCHONGHAIHEBINGDUBING,SUOYIYAOTEBIEZHUYIZUOHAOBINGCHONGFANGZHI。GANHANTIAOJIANXIA,HAICHONGRUHUANGTIAOTIAOJIA、YACHONG、HONGZHIZHU、QIANYEYING、CAIQINGCHONG、XIAOCAIE、XIEWENYEEDENGWANGWANGPIANZHONGFASHENG,YANZHONGYINGXIANGSHUCAISHENGZHANG,JIANGDISHUCAIPINZHI,BINGQIECHUANBOBINGDUBING。YAOJISHIXUANYONGDUILUDEGAOXIAODIDUSHACHONGJIPENWUFANGZHI,JINLIANGXUANZESHENGWUNONGYAO,YOUTIAOJIANDEYAOPEIHESHIYONGZHANCHONGSEBAN、PINZHENSHISHACHONGDENGHEXINGYINYOUJIYOUSHAHAICHONG。

7.GAIZHONGQIANGZHONG。YIJINGCHENGZAIDECAITIAN,JIJIQIANGSHOUGAIZHONG。RUQIANQISHOUGAOWENGANHANYINGXIANGYANZHONG,HOUQISHENGZHANGNANYIHUIFUDEZAITIANSHUCAI,YINGJIZAOLAYANGJIESHU,ZHONGZHONGHUOGAIZHONGBIEDESHUCAI。MUQIANSHOUZAIDIQULUDI、DAPENGKEQIANGZHONGDESHUCAIYOUXIAOBAICAI、BOCAI、YEYONGWOSUN、JIECAI、QINCAI、TONGHAO、YANSUIJIQITASUSHENGYECAIDENG。

8.抗旱育苗。目前遭受干旱的区域,已经或即将进入下一季果菜类蔬菜育苗期,要采取措施抗旱育苗。一是采用集中育苗方式,用穴盘基质育苗,不要用营养钵育苗,以节约用水。二是注意预防高温引起徒长,采用遮阳降温和生长调节剂处理。(农业农村部蔬菜专家指导组 全国农业技术推广欧冠投注中心

果树

欧冠投注JINNIAN7YUEXIAXUNYILAI,ZHANGJIANGZHONGXIAYOUHEJIANGNANBUFENDIQUCHUXIANDAFANWEIGAOWENSHAOYUTIANQI,TEBIESHIJIANGXI、ANHUILIANGSHENGHANQINGCHIXUFAZHAN,JUBUDIQUSHENZHICHUXIANBAINIANYIYUDETEDAHANQING,GANJUDENGGUOSHUDAMIANJISHOUZAI,CHUXIANYEPIANJUANSUO、WEIYAN、KUHUANG,SHENZHIZHIZHUSIWANG,YOUQISHIQUEFAGUANGAITIAOJIANDESHANPODIQIANTUCENGGUOYUAN,XIAOSHULINGGUOYUANSHOUZAIYANZHONG。MUQIAN,HANQINGRENGZAIJIXU,GUOYUANSHOUHANSUNSHIJINYIBUJIAJU,YANZHONGYINGXIANGGUONONGSHOURU。WEIDALITUIJINKEXUEKANGHAN,JINLIANGJIANQINGGANHANYINGXIANGHESUNSHI,QUANGUONONGYEJISHUTUIGUANGOUGUANTOUZHUZHONGXINHUITONGNONGYENONGCUNBUGUOSHUZHUANJIAZHIDAOZU,GENJUZHANGJIANGZHONGXIAYOUHEJIANGNANBUFENDIQUDANGQIANGUOSHUZHANGSHI,TICHUYIXIAKANGHANJIANZAISHENGCHANJISHUZHIDAOYIJIAN,LIBAOGUOYUANBUSISHU、SHAOJIANCHAN,WENDINGGUONONGSHOURUYUQI,WEIZAIHOUHUIFUSHENGCHANDAXIAJICHU。

一、果园抗旱主要技术措施

欧冠投注(YI)GUANSHUIKANGHAN。YAOJIEHESHIJIQINGKUANG,CAIQUJIAOGUAN、DIGUANDENGBUTONGFANGFAJISHIGUANSHUIKANGHAN,BAOCHITURANGSHIDANGHANSHUILIANG。YOUTIAOJIANDECAIQUPENGUAN、DIGUANFANGSHI,JIESHUIXIAOGUOHAO。GUANGAIYINGZAISHANGWU9∶00ZHIQIANHEXIAWU17∶00ZHIHOUJINXING,HAIZAIGUAGUOQIDEGUOYUAN,YANZHONGGANHANHOU,WEIFANGZHILUOGUO,BUYIGUOLIANG,KECAIYONGXUEGUANKANGHANJISHU,ZAIGUOSHUDISHUIXIANNEICESANFENZHIYICHU,KAIWA30×30×30LIMIDEXIANGLINKONGXUE2GE,YICIGUANMANSHUIYUE50SHENGYISHANG,GAICAOFUGAIJIANQINGZHENGFASUNHAO,LIYONGGENXIDEQUSHUIXINGHEQIANGDADEXISHUIGONGNENG,KEYIMANZUGANJUDENGGUOSHU3TIANYISHANGDEXUSHUIYAOQIU。

(ER)FUGAIKANGHAN。WEIJIANSHAOGUOYUANTURANGSHUIFENZHENGFA,TIGAOTURANGBAOSHUILI,ZENGJIATURANGTONGQIXING,GAISHANTURANGJIEGOU,CUJINGUOSHUGENXISHENGZHANG,YINGJINXINGDIBIAOFUGAI,KECAIYONGSHUPANGAICAOHUOXINGJIANPUCAOFUGAIFANGSHI,HOUDU10-15LIMIZUOYOU。ZHUYAOFUGAIWUKEXUANJIEGAN、DAOCAO、LONGKANG、MUXIE、GEXIADESHENGCAODENG。SHOUYANGGUANGZHISHEDEZHUGANHEDAZHIYAOYONGDAOCAO、SHANCAOHUOBAOZHIDENGBAOZHA,HUOPENTUSHIHUIJIANGDENG,FANGZHIRIZHUOPUPI。HAIZAIGUAGUODEGUOYUANKEJINXINGDIMOFUGAIYIJIZHEYANGWANGZHEYIN,YIJIANSHAOYANGGUANGZHISHE,JIANQINGYEPIAN、GUOSHIRIZHUOFASHENG。

欧冠投注(SAN)BUCHONGYANGFEN。DUIYUYOULINGYUANJIZAIQINGJIAOZHONGDEGUOYUAN,SHIDANGSHIFEIBUCHONGYANGFEN,TISHENGGUOSHUZISHENKANGNINENGLI。ZUIHAOXUANYONGFUSHUXIBODENONGJIAFEIJINXINGJIAOSHI,YEKEYONG0.5%LINSUANERQINGJIASHUIRONGYEJINXINGGENWAISHIFEI,ZUODAOBOFEIQINSHI。

欧冠投注(SI)BINGCHONGFANGZHI。GANHANQIJIANYIFASHENGBINGCHONGHAI,YAOJINLIANGBIMIANHANZAIHEBINGCHONGHAIZHONGDIEFASHENG,ZHONGDIANFANGZHIHAOHONGZHIZHU、HUANGZHIZHU、QIANYEE、TANJUBING、SHUZHIBINGDENGBINGHAICHONG,CAIYONGNONGYE、WULI、SHENGWUDENGCUOSHIJINXINGLVSEZONGHEFANGKONG,ZAIYINTIAN,QINGTIANSHANGWUHUOBANGWANSHIJIANSHIYAOWEIYI。

二、果园灾后生产恢复措施

欧冠投注(YI)FANGZHILIEGUO。GUOSHUSHOUHANHOUSHUTISHUAIRUO,GUOSHIHANSHUILIANGSHAO,ZAIHOUXIAYUYICHANSHENGLIEGUO。YAOSHISHIJIAQIANGSHENGCHANGUANLI,JISHIZENGSHIYICIDANFEI,BINGPENSHIYICI0.2%-0.4%DELINSUANERQINGJIA、0.5%DEXIAOSUANJIADENGJIAFEI,TIGAOSHUTIHANJIALIANG,HUIFUSHUSHI,FANGZHIYUHOUDALIANGLIEGUO,DAILAIERCISUNSHI。

(ER)PAISHUIJIANZHI。DAHANFANGDALAO,RUYUCHIXUDAYU,YINGDUIGUOYUANJISHIKAIGOUPAISHUI,FANGZHINEILAO,PAISHUIGOUSHENDUYAODADAO60LIMIYISHANG。JISHIJIANCHUKUZHI,DUIYUZHISHAOKUSILIANGBIJIAODUO、QIEKOUBIJIAODADEGUOSHU,YAOJISHIYONGFANGFUJICHULIQIEKOU。TONGSHI,ZHAICHUQIUHUAYAHEQIUHUAZHI,JIANQINGYINGYANGXIAOHAO,BAOZHANGMINGNIANGUOSHUZHENGCHANGSHENGZHANG。

欧冠投注(SAN)ZENGSHIFEILIAO。XIATOUYUHOUBUFENGUOSHUKENENGMENGFAJIAODUOQIUSHAO,YINMENGFASHIJIANJIAOWAN,WEIBAOZHENGQIUSHAOANQUANYUEDONG,ZAIXINSHAOYEPIANZHANKAIHOUPEN1ZHI2CI0.3%-0.5%DELINSUANERQINGJIA,JIASUQIUSHAOLAOSHU,QUEBAOMINGNIANKEZHENGCHANGKAIHUAJIEGUO。

三、有关注意事项

(YI)BUYAOZAIZHONGWUDENGGAOWENQIJIANJINXINGGUANSHUI,YOUQIBUNENGZAITURANGWENDUGAODESHIHOUJIAOGUANBINGLENGDEJINGSHUI、SHUIKUHEJIANGHESHENCENGSHUI,YIMIANYINQILUOYE、LUOGUOSHENZHISISHU。

欧冠投注(ER)BUYAOZAIWENDUGAODESHIHOUJINXINGPENYAOZUOYE,FOUZERONGYILUOYE。

(SAN)BUYAOJINXINGMANGUAN,HANQINGYANZHONGDEGUOYUANTURANGBIAOMIANJIEPI,MANGUANSHUIFENHENNANSHENRUDAO5LIMIYIXIADETUCENG,QIEHENRONGYIZHENGFA,SHUIFENLIYONGLVDI。

欧冠投注(SI)DUIYOUSHUJIGENGXINSHUDENG,YAOYONG10%DESHIHUISHUITUBAISHUGAN,DUIJIANSHAOSHUTISHUIFENZHENGFAHEFANGZHIRIZHUOYOUYIDINGXIAOGUO,YEKEFANGZHISHUGANSHUPIBEIRIZHUOSHANGHAIJIFALIUJIAOBING。

(五)不要过量施用氮肥,否则会使叶色深绿,加重高温热害。(农业农村部果树专家指导组 全国农业技术推广欧冠投注中心

茶园

CHASHUDUIWENDU、SHIDUHESHUIFENTIAOJIANJIWEIMINGAN,GAOWENGANHANDENGJIDUANTIANQIYANZHONGYINGXIANGCHASHUDEZHENGCHANGSHENGZHANGYIJICHAYEDECHANLIANGHEPINZHI。JINNIAN7YUEXIAXUNYILAI,ZHANGJIANGZHONGXIAYOUDIQUCHIXUGAOWENSHAOYU,YINFAANHUI、JIANGXI、HUBEI、HUNAN、FUJIANDENGSHENGHANQING,BUFENCHAYUANSHOUHAN,YINGJISHICAIQUJIANZAIJISHUCUOSHI。

一、加强茶树旱害监测

欧冠投注SHOUHANCHAYUANZHUYIJIANCECHASHUSHOUHANQINGKUANG,JISHICAIQUCUOSHIFANGZAIJIANZAI。CHASHUHANHAIDEZHUYAOZHENGZHUANGSHIYEPIANBIANSE、KUJIAO、TUOLUO,ZHITIAOGANKUSHENZHIZHENGZHUCHASHUSIWANG。SHOUHAICHASHUJINBUFENYEPIANBIANSE、KUJIAO,ZHITIAOSHANGBUYAYECHENGXIANLVSE,WEIQINGDUSHOUHAI;SHOUHAICHASHUDUOSHUYEPIANKUJIAOHUOTUOLUO,DANZHITIAODINGDUANYEPIANHUOCHAYASHANGWEIWANQUANKUSI,WEIZHONGDUSHOUHAI;SHOUHAICHASHUYEPIANKUJIAOTUOLUO、QIEPENGMIANZHITIAOYIKUSISHENZHIZHENGZHUSIWANG,WEIZHONGDUSHOUHAI。

二、干旱期间的茶园减灾措施

欧冠投注GANHANQIJIAN,BUYINGJINXINGXIUJIAN、SHIFEI、GENGZUOHECHUCAODENGNONGSHICAOZUO,YINGLUOSHIGUANGAI、TIANJIANPUCAODENGJIANZAIJISHUCUOSHI。YOUTIAOJIANDECHAYUANYINGZAIZAOCHENHEBANGWAN,TONGGUORENGONGJIAOSHUIHEPENDIGUANSHESHISHEBEIDENGJINXINGGUANGAI,YIJINZAOHUANJIEHANQING。YOULINGCHASHUKANGHANNENGLIRUO,YINGXIANGFANGSHEFASHIXIANGUANGAI。ZAICHASHUXINGJIANHUOCHAXINGLIANGCEFUGAIZUOWUJIEGANHUOZACAO,DANZHUYIBIMIANBACAOZIDAIRUCHAYUAN。

三、干旱缓解后的茶园恢复措施

RUGUONENGZAIPINGJUNQIWENGAOYU10℃TIAOJIANXIA(ZHANGJIANGZHONGXIAYOUCHAQUYIBANZAI11YUEDIQIAN)HUANJIEHANQING,ZECAIQUXIALIEJISHUCUOSHI;RUGUOJINRUDONGJIHOUCAIJIECHUGANHAN,ZECHUFENGYUANWAIDEXIALIECUOSHIDAIMINGNIANKAICHUNHOUJINXING。

1.SONGTU。SUIZHEYUSHUILAILIN,TURANGGANHANJIBENHUANJIEHOU,YINGLIJISONGTU,YILIHOUXUYUSHUIJINRUGENCENGTURANG,CUJINHUANJIEHANQING。

2.XIUJIAN。DUIYUPENGMIANYOUKUZHUDECHAYUAN,KEZAIKUSIBUWEIYIXIA1-2LIMICHUJIANGYIKUSIDEZHITIAOJIANQU,XIUJIANSHIJIANZAIGAOWENGANHANHUANJIEHOULIJIJINXING。

3.SHIFEI。RUDONGQIAN(10YUEDIQIAN),CHENGLINGCHAYUANMEIMUKESHIYONG100-200GONGJINCAIZIBINGFEIHE5-10GONGJINNIAOSU,HUOMEIMUSHIYONGGAONONGDUFUHEFEI30-40GONGJIN。HUNYUNHOUKAIGOUSHENSHI,SHENDU15-20LIMI,CUJINGENXIXIANGXIASHENGZHANG。SHIFEIKEYUSONGTUJIEHEJINXING。

4.FENGYUAN。CHASHUZAOSHOUHANHAIHOU,SHUTIXURUO,DUIBINGCHONGHAIDEDIKANGLIJIANGDI,YINGYONGBOERDUOYE、HUOLVYING,HUOSHAJUNJIFENGYUAN。

5.补种。对于死亡率较高的茶园进行补缺种植。对于个别区块旱死严重的茶园,应彻底深翻、加培客土,根除土壤障碍因子后再行种植;对于不适合茶树生长发育的区块则改作它用。(农业农村部茶叶专家指导组 全国农业技术推广欧冠投注中心

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